Blood Disorders


At Tays, we study and treat blood disorders, of which the majority are malignant blood diseases. We receive by referral patients who have abnormalities in the blood picture, bleed easily or who are susceptible to clots, anaemia caused by other causes than lack of iron, enlarged lymph nodes or a large spleen.

Diseases studied and treated at Tays include the following, for example:

  • Acute or chronic leukaemia
  • Plasma cell cancer, i.e., myeloma
  • Myeloproliferative diseases: polysytemia vera, essential thrombocytosis, myelofibrosis
  • Blood coagulation disorders: haemophilia, von Willebrand's disease, abnormal susceptibility to clots

In addition, Tays performs collection of autologous stem cells, which are stem cells originating from the patient's own body, and provides intensive treatments with them in the areas of Pirkanmaa, Päijät-Häme, Kanta-Häme and Southern Ostrobothnia. The diagnostics of lymphomas is also done at Tays Haematology, but the majority of lymphomas are treated at the Oncology clinic

Tests and treatment at Tays

The majority of blood disorders are diagnosed in specialised health care, and the follow-up care and monitoring may be organised in basic health care. The diagnosis, observation and treatment of chronic blood disorders are done at Tays Central Hospital and Tays Hatanpää and Tays Valkeakoski hospitals.

The majority of our patients are treated at the outpatient clinic. Patients with acute leukaemia usually come to Tays as emergency patients and they require treatment in the ward at least in the beginning. Follow-up treatment and monitoring takes place either at Tays Outpatient Clinic or at the patient's local central hospital.

The most common studies include bone marrow samples, which are used for microscopic studies, cell surface marker studies and different kinds of genetic studies for cells. A bone marrow sample can be taken either as an aspiration sample or as a biopsy.

Blood disorders are treated with, for example, combinations of cytotoxic agents, different kinds of immunological treatments, blood products and stem cell transplants. Patients with blood disorders are often vulnerable to infections, and therefore antibiotic treatment is common.

Hand hygiene is especially important. It is also not allowed to visit the ward when you have flu, and live plants or flowers are not permitted on the ward.

Special expertise at Tays

Tays has particularly good clinical and laboratory diagnostics for blood disorders. Diagnostics is done together with haematology, genetics and pathology laboratories, and diagnostics meetings are regularly convened.

Our population base is broad, and the personnel treating leukaemia has been extensively trained and has broad experience. Infectious disease specialists specialising in the treatment of patients with immunodeficiency also regularly participate in treatment. The treatment of leukaemia adheres to national and international recommendations.

All autologous stem cell transplant operations at Tays have been focused in the Haematology Unit, where stem cell collection is also performed for cancer diseases and paediatric clinics. Hence the stem cell collection team is very experienced and skilled. Patients, especially small child patients, are also sent to Tays for stem cell collection from other parts of Finland.

Persons in charge

Chief Physician of Haematology Marjatta Sinisalo
Deputy Chief Physician Marja Sankelo
Deputy Chief Physician Outi Laine